Topic 1: The Iran Nuclear Issue and the renegotiation of the JCPOA
The JCPOA, otherwise known as the Iran Nuclear Deal, was a nuclear agreement ratified on 14 July 2015 between Iran and the P5+1 nations. It was intended to halt Iranian production of Uranium and let the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) monitor its nuclear programme while relieving Iran from international sanctions. This deal was endorsed a week after an agreement was reached by the UNSC in Resolution 2231 (2015), which set a schedule for the eventual lifting of sanctions when Iran fulfils its end of the deal . However, in 2018, despite the IAEA not finding any violations of the terms of agreement, the US unilaterally withdrew from the deal and reinstated severe economic sanctions on Iran, causing US-Iran relations to worsen.
Future conflict remains highly probable unless the international community can unite to resolve the tensions that exist today. Delegates of the UNSC have to decide between reviving the JCPOA and reinstating UN sanction on Iran. At the same time, delegates have to discuss the protection of shipping routes in the Gulf and the de-escalation of military activity around Iran, which has increased over the years